Appendicitis surgery is carried out under general anaesthetic using either a keyhole or open appendix surgery technique for appendectomy procedure. Antibiotics are given before an appendectomy to cover any chances of infections.
1) Keyhole technique for Appendix surgery (minimally invasive surgery)
Keyhole surgery (laparoscopy) is usually the preferred method of removal of the appendix (Appendicitis operation), because the recovery tends to be quicker than with open surgery.
The appendectomy procedure through this technique, involves making 4-inch incision small incisions on the abdomen. A laparoscope which is a small tube containing a light source and a camera is inserted through the abdomen, which relays images of the inside of the abdomen to a television monitor.
During this type of appendicitis operation gas is pumped through to inflate the abdominal cavity which allows the surgeon to see the appendix more clearly and small instruments are inserted to remove the appendix. Once the appendix has been removed in the appendicitis operation, the incisions are closed with dissolvable stitches. One of the main advantages of keyhole surgery is the recovery time is short and most people can leave hospital is a few days.
2) Open surgery for treatment for appendicitis:
In some situations keyhole surgery may not be recommended and open surgery is performed instead for removal of appendix- Appendectomy:
-When the appendix has already burst and formed an appendix mass in the abdomen.
– Surgeon is not proficient in laparoscopy for treatment of appendicitis.
– Past history of abdominal surgery.
-Emergency situation where there is a widespread peritonitis, a complication of appendicitis infection of the inner lining of the abdomen .In such cases of complicated surgery of appendix it may take up to a week before getting discharged.
Complications of Appendectomy please seek medical attention:
- increasing pain and swelling
- vomiting repeatedly
- any discharge coming from the sutures
- the wound is inflamed