ESWL is the least invasive and the commonest treatment for kidney stones however it provides very low stone free period for the patient. The passage of stone fragments may take a few days or a week and may cause mild pain. ESWL is not without risks. Overall complication rates of ESWL range from 5–20%.
“Extracorporeal” means outside the body and this is the most common type of lithotripsy achieved with short wave radiofrequency. Patient is taken to the procedure room and will be asked to lie down on an exam table on top of a soft, water-filled cushion.
The medicine for pain relief is given so the patient is in relaxed before the procedure begins. The preventive dose of antibiotics is given to minimize any chances of infection during the procedure. Patient receives the general or spinal anesthesia which makes the entire procedure pain-free.
High-energy shock waves, also called sound waves, pass through the body until they hit the kidney stones. If you are awake in the beginning of the procedure, one can feel a tapping feeling .
The waves break the stones into tiny pieces. The procedure should take about 45 minutes to 1 hour. A tube placed through the bladder into the kidney. drains urine until all the small pieces of stone are thrown out by the passing urine. The discharge form the hospital in usually on the same day. Not all kidney stones can be removed using lithotripsy. The stone may also be removed by endoscopy method and open surgeries.
ESWL is the least invasive treatment for kidney stones with positive results and majority patient benefit from the same. There are no hospital stays and recovery period is very short. Patient can resume normal activities quickly in almost 2 days following the procedure.
This procedure is also known as Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy; Shock wave lithotripsy; Laser lithotripsy; Percutaneous lithotripsy; Endoscopic lithotripsy; ESWL; Renal calculi-lithotripsy. The short name if Lithotripsy.