Minimally invasive heart surgery (also called keyhole surgery) is a newer form of cardiac surgery. In this type of heart surgery, small incisions are done, without dividing the central breastbone or sternum. That means instead of “cutting open the chest” from midline as they do with traditional open heart surgery, a small and cosmetic incisions using specialized instruments is used for procedure.
MICS procedure is carried out through a small 5 cm incision on the side of the chest (mini thoracotomy) without damaging any bones. In females, the incision is under the breast fold making it even more cosmetic.
- Similar to a regular heart surgery, the operation is performed using
- All arteries or a combination of arteries and veins removed from the leg.
- The vessel from the leg in these operations is also removed endoscopically without cutting the skin over the leg.
- Special instruments, camera and cannulas are used for performing the surgery through this small incision.
Common Indications of the MICAS:
- Coronary artery disease – Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass
- Cardiac rhythm disorders- Minimally invasive atrial fibrillation ablation
- Mitral valve disease- Minimally invasive mitral valve repair placement/repair
- Aortic valve disease- Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement/repair.
- Congenital cardiac disease
- Removal of cardiac tumours
Benefits of MININMAL INVASIVE cardiac surgery
- Faster recovery to normal work
- Small cosmetic incision
- Less painful
- Lesser blood loss and reduced amount of blood transfusions
- Lesser chances of infection
- Better wound healing
- Earlier mobilisation and shorter hospital stay after surgery in ICU
- Better quality of life after surgery